Role and Responsibility Of QA in an Agile Methodology


Role and Responsibility Of QA in an Agile Methodology

The role of QA is very essential in any software development process (DevOps). QA should monitor the software engineering processes and methods used to assure quality. There are various roles and responsibilities of QA in the agile testing method therefore, Firstly we understand quickly “what is an agile methodology in the software development process ?”

What is agile?

A = Approach to software development.

G = Gather requirement.

I = Iterative and Increment development.

L = Last from one to four weeks time frame (In Sprint).

E = Early and continuous deployment.

Agglomerating the points elaborated above it can be concluded that agile is an approach and process which consists of a set of engineering best practices intended to allow for rapid delivery of high-quality software. Therefore in agile methodology, the role of tester enormously changed compared to traditional testing. There are myriad responsibilities of QA analysts in agile development as below.

1. Beyond the writing “Test Cases”

Writing test cases and testing application which is being developed is not the key role of QA. Quality assurance engineers should participate and accomplish various responsibilities jointly with other team members from an end-user perspective. They are engaged right from the commencement of the project. In an absence of a Product Owner, QA should help keep the team moving forward as a proxy product owner. Moreover, they can ask questions to the Product Owner to help clear up the business requirements.

2. Participate in activity such as “Estimating Stories”

There is no competition for QAs at finding complex and negative test case scenarios. During estimating user stories, the team should more realistic because both “positive” and “negative” scenarios should be considered. Although estimation is a difficult task, for the best practice entire team has to participate in it. To enhance actual requirements from existing user stories, QA analysts should provide feedback from their past testing experience as well as other team members’ experience during every sprint to the product owner. The roles like developer and tester work in collaboration, the clear requirement we will get. As a result, reduce the doubts and questions developers often coming up with while coding, which produces greater productivity and ample amount of time savings for the development team and testing team.

3. Interactions with developers

Tester should have excellent communication with all team members specially developers because tester is playing crucial role in agile methodology. QA should schedule face-to-face a quick handoff demonstration for every new feature and functionality. These will help to QA for better understanding of how the newly developed feature is working and it is a perfect time for them to raise questions to development team. These will help to find minor issues & scenario which developer miss while unit testing and save lot of time.

4. Attend daily scrum and sprint-planning sessions

QA should sync with the software development team from the beginning, therefore, QA will identify possible risks and problem areas. During the sprint planning session, QA must estimate effort required for testing the user story. Generally, when the QA person is absent from the planning session, testing time and efforts are overlooked hence QA should always attend planning sessions. Presence in daily scrum, they’re able to up to date with development status and how the project is going on so it is helpful to QA plan their work. QAs involvement in a scrum, get a chance to update team with on known and critical issues so it will help developers to keep focused on the bug and speed up their plan that is why QA analyst should attend daily scrum.

5. Automate Automate and Automate…..!!!

Nowadays, the way of working changed significantly in the field of Quality Assurance. The majority of testers possess automation skills and it is the best friend of the tester. Converting user stories into the automation test scripts during the development phase which does not only helps in reducing manual testing efforts but also went up coverage and speed of testing. Automation helps the tester in continuous development and continues Integration project in which in every new build, the tester has to provide immediate feedback for new features are functionally working or not and as well as any regressions test cases working correctly. Therefore, without the help of a best friend of testers (automation), It becomes a very tedious, monotonous, and error-prone task for QA because they have to perform all these tasks manually. So automation provides consistency, reliability, and better test coverage over the software’s functionality.

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This blog has been written by our Jr. Consultant Krushal Batki