In software development terms, “Stack” is a combination of different software products and programming languages to create web or mobile applications. Nowadays, software firms are implementing the strategy of using a combination of various technologies to enable faster and more dynamic web development process.
For instance, LAMP (software bundle), which is an acronym for Linux (operating system), Apache (web server), MySQL (database management system) and PHP, PERL or Python (server-side scripting language). Similarly, there is a new technology stack, which is so popular among developers for its potential resourcefulness in web development. It is the MEAN stack. So, what is MEAN stack and why it is so popular?
What is MEAN stack?
MEAN is an acronym, which stands for MongoDB (database system), ExpressJS (back-end web framework), AngularJS (front-end framework) and NodeJS (back-end runtime environment). These technologies were developed at different points
Here is the typical flow of information within various components of MEAN stack.
Why MEAN stack?
Here, I am going to list down 9 fascinating reasons to choose MEAN stack for software developers and firms.
1) Single language development
The capacity to store and render the data is the most important part in all applications. MongoDB is a good choice for a database system when it comes to managing huge data. Unlike any other database, it is simpler to update the entire data in MongoDB. In MongoDB, the documents bear a comparison to objects in an object-oriented programming language.
3) Express JS
Express is a back-end framework which provides us a simpler interface to create/request endpoints and handling cookies etc. Following are some of the core features of the Express framework.
- Allows to set up middleware to respond to HTTP Requests.
- Defines a routing table which is used to perform different actions based on
HTTPMethod and URL.
- Allows to dynamically render HTML Pages by passing arguments to templates.
4) Angular JS
5) Node JS
Both AngularJS and NodeJS use JSON and even MongoDB stores the data in the JSON format. It is great for larger projects. So throughout the application, we use JSON. No need to reformat the data.
With this approach, it will become easy to interchange front-end frameworks with others such as ReactJS, Vue, and various Angular versions, without any impact on the back-end logic and systems.
8) Free and Open-Source Components
9) Global Community Support
Constant Support from the industry leaders as well as different communities such as AngularJS, NodeJS, and MongoDB. For example, MongoDB is the leading NoSQL database provider. Top 8 hosting services in the world are supporting NodeJS natively. AngularJS is supported by big firms such as Google. NPM is the largest package ecosystem ever which helps to package the solutions.
MEAN stack provides advanced features which can make development very fast and easy. It also makes use of the power of modern single-page applications, as it does not require to refresh a web page for every server just like most traditional web applications do. These are some reasons Why MEAN Stack is so popular for application development and have increased in popularity.
Blog posted by Shivateja Samala, Full Stack Developer, Cappius Technologies